Exercise or Sell the Option
If you hold a profitable long option contract, you can choose to exercise the option to buy or sell the underlying asset at the strike price. Alternatively, you can sell the option contract in the options market to realize the profit without taking ownership of the underlying asset.
To exercise an option, you can follow these general steps:
- Understand the Option Contract: Review the details of the option contract, including the type of option (call or put), the strike price, the expiration date, and the underlying asset. Ensure you have a clear understanding of the rights and obligations associated with exercising the option.
- Determine Exercise Price: Evaluate the current market price of the underlying asset and compare it to the strike price of the option. If exercising the option is financially beneficial, proceed to the next step. Keep in mind that for call options, exercising means buying the underlying asset at the strike price, while for put options, it means selling the underlying asset at the strike price.
- Contact Your Broker: Contact your brokerage firm or platform to initiate the exercise process. Inform them of your intention to exercise the option and provide the necessary details, such as the option symbol and the number of contracts you want to exercise.
- Submit Exercise Instructions: Follow your broker’s instructions for submitting exercise instructions. This may involve completing a specific form or placing a phone call to their trade desk. Provide the required information accurately and clearly to avoid any errors.
- Pay Exercise Costs: Exercise costs include the cost of purchasing the underlying asset (for call options) or the potential obligation to deliver the underlying asset (for put options). Ensure you have sufficient funds or available margin in your account to cover these costs.
- Confirm the Exercise: Once you have submitted your exercise instructions and paid the exercise costs, your broker will confirm the exercise and process the necessary transactions. You will either receive the purchased underlying asset (for call options) or deliver the underlying asset (for put options) as per the terms of the option contract.
It’s important to note that options can be exercised at any time before their expiration date (for American-style options) or only at expiration (for European-style options). Additionally, not all options need to be exercised. If the option is out of the money or if it is more advantageous to sell the option contract in the market rather than exercising it, you may choose to let the option expire worthless or sell it for its remaining time value.
Sell a Portion of the Position
If you have a position with multiple options contracts, you can sell a portion of the contracts to take profits while keeping a portion of the position open for potential further gains.
This allows you to lock in some profits while maintaining exposure to the underlying asset.
Use Trailing Stops
Trailing stops are orders placed with your broker that automatically adjust the stop-loss price as the market price of the underlying asset moves in your favor. By using a trailing stop, you can protect your profits by setting a predetermined level at which you are willing to sell the option if the market reverses.
- Determine the Trailing Stop Percentage: Decide on the percentage or dollar amount by which you want to trail your stop loss. This can be based on your risk tolerance, investment strategy, or the specific market conditions.
- Place the Initial Stop Loss: Set an initial stop loss order at a specific price level that you deem appropriate based on your analysis of the stock or asset you’re trading. This initial stop loss will serve as a starting point for the trailing stop.
- Monitor Price Movement: As the price of the stock or asset moves in your favor, the trailing stop will automatically adjust based on the trailing stop percentage or dollar amount you specified. For example, if you set a 10% trailing stop and the price increases by 10%, the trailing stop will move up to lock in a 10% gain.
- Adjust the Trailing Stop: If the price continues to move in your favor, you can manually adjust the trailing stop to a higher level to protect more of your gains. This can be done by modifying the stop loss order with your broker.
- Maintain Vigilance: Continuously monitor the price movement and adjust the trailing stop accordingly. This allows you to protect your profits and potentially lock in additional gains if the price continues to rise.
- Be Mindful of Market Volatility: Keep in mind that trailing stops are dynamic and sensitive to market fluctuations. In highly volatile markets, the trailing stop may be triggered more frequently, resulting in more frequent adjustments or potential premature exits.
It’s important to note that trailing stops are designed to protect profits by automatically adjusting the stop loss level as the price moves in your favor. However, they do not guarantee protection against all losses, especially in fast-moving or volatile markets. It’s always recommended to closely monitor your positions and be aware of any potential risks or changes in market conditions.
Implement Hedging Strategies
Hedging involves taking a position in another asset or derivative to offset potential losses in the original option position. This can help protect your profits in case the market moves against you. Hedging strategies may include buying put options to protect long call options or selling call options to protect short put options.
Adjust or Roll Positions
If you have complex options positions such as spreads or combinations, you can consider adjusting or rolling the positions to lock in profits.
This involves closing or modifying existing options contracts and opening new ones with different strike prices or expiration dates to capture additional gains or reduce risk.
Set Profit Targets
Before entering an options trade, it’s helpful to establish profit targets based on your trading strategy. Once the options reach your desired profit level, you can exit the position to lock in the gains.
Setting profit targets helps you maintain discipline and avoid the temptation to hold on to positions for too long.
Regularly Monitor Positions
It’s crucial to monitor your options positions regularly to stay informed about market conditions, news, and changes in the underlying asset. By staying vigilant, you can identify opportunities to lock in profits when they arise and make timely decisions to protect your gains.
Options trading involves risks, and there is always the possibility of losing your investment. It’s important to have a well-defined trading plan, employ risk management strategies, and stay informed about the factors that can impact options prices.